임진왜란 원인과 책임에 대한 귀인 프레임 구성
한국언론학보 | 한국언론학회 | 48 pages| 2022.05.13| 파일형태 :
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자료요약
This study investigated how Ryu Seong-ryong's Jingbi-rok framed the attribution of the
cause of the Imjin War and the responsibility for overcoming it. To this end, we first reviewed whether
this text met the conditions of news from a journalistic perspective, and then set up research
questions regarding the cause(or failure) of war and the responsibility for overcoming it, and how the
attribution of responsibility appears according to the type of article. Our content analysis showed that
Jingbi-Rok has a script structure following the 5W1H principles, a rhetorical system using analogies,and a spatial-temporal frame. Through the frame analysis of Jingbi-Rok as news text, we presented
some theoretical implications. First, the text analysis of Jingbi-Rok confirmed the framing theory that
media selectively chooses, emphasizes, and elaborates the values, virtues as well as weaknesses, and
strengths upheld by society. Second, the content analysis revealed that when dealing with problems
regarding social conflicts, the media presents the definition of the problem, its cause, moral
evaluation of the actor, and a frame for solution. Third, the analysis showed the theoretical fact that
the media selectively frame the causes and responsibilities of disasters according to the situation.
Fourth, the frame of responsibility for a disaster presented by the media was established and
interpreted differently depending on the political system, such as a monarchy. Fifth, the existing
theory that the media use frames from the perspective of the country's own interests when dealing
with international conflicts was also confirmed. Lastly, the analysis of Jingbi-Rok showed that the
attribution of responsibility is different depending on the type of news text. In other words, in episodic
texts, individuals were considered to be more responsible, while in thematic texts, there was a
tendency to attribute more responsibility to the organization or country. Moreover, this study showed
some realistic implications as well. Above all, the proportion of attribution to causing war appeared in
the order of international, individual, and organizational levels. Second, as for the international level,
the cause was powerful enemy and impractical diplomatic relations and at the individual level, the
king's failure to use human resources properly, and the incompetence of generals and other military
officials who ran away while neglecting their duties turned out to be the cause of failure. At the
organizational level, the dysfunction of the administration was the cause. Third, the attribution for
overcoming the war showed a high ratio on the individual level such as central management's tactical
strategy, general’ exemplary attitude, voluntary cooperation of the people, and the king's efforts to
overcome the crisis. Fourth, the king’s responsibility was not fully addressed considering that the war
broke out under a monarchy, where the king makes all the decisions. Fifth, it presented strategic
implications for what to prepare for and how to respond to national disasters such as war. Lastly,
based on the fact that psychological group thinking had led to a catastrophe, it evoked the
importance toword communication of the public as well as organizational communication within the
government. By analyzing Jingbi-Rok from a journalistic point of view, this paper suggested the
possibility that historical records can be studied by applying modern journalism theories
임진왜란 책임 프레임 귀인 원인 전쟁 징비록 책임
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