토픽 모델링 분석을 통해 살펴본 세대 갈등에 대한 온라인 댓글 여론의 반응
한국언론학보 | 한국언론학회 | 38 pages| 2022.03.21| 파일형태 :
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자료요약
This study focuses on the conflict between the young (20s~30s) and older (50s~60s) generations,
which recently has been frequently reported in the news media. The purpose of this study is to
explore the online public's perspective on this conflict by analyzing the comments found on news
articles. The collected comments were categorized into five topics. The first topic was opinions on the
younger generation, referred to as the MZ generation, which was perceived as an overly individual,
selfish generation that tries only to assert their rights and complains without doing their jobs properly.
The second topic was opinions on the older generation, exemplified by “bosses who unilaterally
impose their thoughts,” and “bosses who only nag and unnecessarily emphasize gatherings.” The
third topic, among the more noteworthy results confirmed by this study, was that the media is
promoting generational conflict. The fourth topic was that the conflict between the young and old
generations is not a new one and has existed in our society since ancient times, despite the passage of time. Finally, the fifth topic was the opinion that only some members of both generations experience
or cause generational conflict, exemplified by “not all members of the older generation are
Kkondae,” and “there are young Kkondaes even among the MZ generation.” To reduce generational
conflict, it is necessary to find an appropriate way to share and communicate the sociocultural values
and lifestyles experienced by each generation. According to the results of this study, generational
conflict highlighted by the news media can be viewed as a problem occurring in some individuals or in
the age difference related to the number of years of life. News media have the power to create social
discourse and issue specific topics. The names and characteristics of specific generations mentioned in
the news are highly likely to serve as a frame of reference for the public to understand them. In
particular, it should be noted that excessive generalization of a specific generation can aggravate
generational conflict by fixing stereotyped images and attitudes toward that generation. In addition,
the results of this study are meaningful in terms of suggesting the role and influence of news
comments. As shown in this study, it can be seen that news audiences actively and honestly express
their opinions through comments regardless of the content of the article. Based on the above results,
this study discusses the role of the media in achieving generational solidarity.
Generation Conflict Generation Gap News Comments Online Opinion Topic Modeling
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